We have now removed all the rubble off the surviving tile paving from the renovation of the Kasthamandap in the 1960s. From our excavations, it has now become clear that a large portion of the monument was destroyed in the immediate post-disaster response, with large portions of the eastern, western southern edges of the paved surface badly damaged or completely removed.
We have also partially emptied the backfill from last year’s excavations to show the outline of the foundation wall, brick pier and cross-walls that we uncovered last year. We will now link up these features identified in 2015 to the surviving foundations across the monument. The next phase of work involves carefully removing the tiled floor onto surfaces below, which from last year’s excavations, includes repairs and floor settings of brick and cement. This will allow us to fully expose the foundations and see if the mandala pattern of cross-walls, that we have postulated, is present throughout the monument. We will also see if the northeast saddlestone is missing, or sealed below the tile paving. It will also provide evidence as to whether the foundations across the monument were as resilient to seismic events as the results from last year suggested.